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Chongming Hairy Crab Wins Gold Prize at 16th CIATF


The 16th China International Agricultural Trade Fair (CIATF) and the 20th Central China (Hunan) International Agriculture Fair successfully came to the end at the Changsha International Convention and Exhibition Center in Hunan on November 5. With arrays of gains, Shanghai exhibitors won the Excellent Organization Award and the Silver Design Award; and 9 exhibitors won the gold prizes. Among them, hairy crab, treasure of Chongming, is on the list.

With good quality, the juvenile hairy crabs of Chongming have a high survival rate. The adult crabs are featured with green back, gray belly and yellow hair claw, offering the rich paste, palatable crab meat and slightly sweet crab roe. Delicious and nutritious, in 100 g of edible part it contains 20.5 g of protein, 5.9 g of fat, 7.4 g of carbohydrates, 110 mg of calcium, 145 mg of phosphorus, 2.5 mg of iron, 6.22 mg of vitamin E, 2.6 mg of carotene, 0.03 mg of thiamine, 0.71 mg of riboflavin, and 73 mg of crude fiber.
Chongming hairy crab has been approved with protection certification of the national geographical indication products, while Chongming has been rated as the national standardization demonstration area of Chinese mitten crabs in Chongming by the General Administration of Quality Supervision Inspection and Quarantine. The geographical indications area of protection includes 18 towns on Chongming Island, Changxing Island and Hengsha Island. The total land area of the three islands reaches 1,411 square kilometers. Of this total, Chongming Island embraces 1,267 square kilometers, while Changxing Island embraces 88 square kilometers and Hengsha Island embraces 56 square kilometers. In terms of geographical coordinates, Chongming covers from 121° 09′ 30E to 121°54′00E, and from 31°27′00N to 31°51′15N.
As the birthplace of Chinese mitten crabs in the Yangtze River system, Chongming takes the hairy crab industry as one of the most distinctive industries on the ecological island. In all ages, literary pieces praising for the delicacy of hairy crabs are unceasing in the world. The ancients had a saying that Lushan Mountain takes on the exclusive feast for eyes, while crabs take on the exclusive feast for palate. In his work of A Dream of Red Mansions, Cao Xueqin praises the delicacy of hairy crabs with the poem of “fresh meat concealed in strong chela, toothsome roes spiced in prominent shell”. Poets and artists observe the hairy crabs carefully to paint them in splash-ink, which are profoundly featured with the appearance and spirit. When chrysanthemum blooms and citruses are mature, it is time for hairy crabs to go on the market.

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